Narendra Damodardas Modi (born on September 17, 1950) is an Indian politician who has been India's 14th and current Prime Minister since 2014. He was the prime minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is a member of the Varanasi parliament. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata and Rastria Swayaysevak Sang party, a Hindu nationalist volunteer organization. He is the first Prime Minister outside the National Congress of India to win two consecutive terms with a full majority, and the second after five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Modi, born in the Gujarati family in Vadnagar, helped his father to sell tea when he was child and he later took his father's position. He became acquainted with RSS at the age of eight and started a long relationship with the organization. Modi left the house after he graduated from high school, partly because of a marriage agreement with Jashodaben Chimanlal, who dropped out and only publicly admitted this after many decades. Modi traveled to India for two years and visited various religious centers before returning to Gujarat. In 1971 he became a full-time employee for RSS. During a state of emergency imposed throughout the country in 1975, Modi had to hide. RSS appointed him to the BJP in 1985 and held various positions in the party hierarchy until 2001, in the position of Secretary-General.

Modi was appointed Prime Minister of Gujarat in 2001 due to the poor health of Keshubhai Patel and the poor image after the earthquake in Bhuj. Modi was elected to the legislature shortly thereafter. His administration was recognized in 2002 as an accessory to the riots in Gujarat or criticized for leadership. A special investigation team appointed by the Supreme Court has found no evidence to prosecute Modi personally. His prime minister's policy attributed to promoting economic growth has been praised. His administration has been criticized for slightly improving state health, poverty and education.

Modi led the BJP in the 2014 general election, giving the party a majority in the lower house of the Indian parliament, Lok Sabha, for the first time since 1984. The Modi government has tried to increase investment: foreign direct investment in the Indian economy and less spending on health and social assistance programs. Modi tried to increase the efficiency in the bureaucracy; He centralized power by abolishing the Planning Commission. He launched a high-profile health campaign and relaxed or removed environmental and labor laws. He initiated the controversial demonization of high-quality bills. After his party won the 2019 general election, his government revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir and paved the way for Indian citizenship for non-Muslim refugees from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Described as a method of political adjustment to right-wing politics, Modi remains a figure of national and international controversy over his Hindu-nationalist beliefs and his role during the riots in Gujarat in 2002, cited as evidence of an exceptional social agenda.